All the different molecular events leading to the development of unchecked cellular reproduction in the leukemias result from genetic or chromosomal lesions in blood-forming cells. a progressive, malignant neoplasm of the blood-forming organs, marked by diffuse replacement of the bone marrow development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Exertional fatigue as a result of anemia, bleeding due to thrombocytopenia, and infections due to a lack of normal white blood cells are common.
"Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. What does IT stand for in Medical? In both childhood and adult ALL, allopurinol and hydration precede induction chemotherapy to prevent hyperuricemia caused by tumor lysis. Subsequent evaluation, including bone marrow aspiration and biopsy with cytogenetic analysis, reveal the Philadelphia chromosome. ABG arterial blood gas. If untreated, these diseases are fatal within weeks or months. Fluid intake should be increased to eliminate chemotherapy metabolites, and the patient advised to void more frequently to prevent cystitis.
Looking for the definition of ALL? In referral hospitals, allogeneic stem cell transplantation is sometimes used for refractory disease. National Cancer Institute. a artery.
Riggin ER. 17. ABG - arterial blood gas. These genetic lesions in turn can be produced by viruses, ionizing radiation, chemotherapeutic drugs, and toxic chemicals. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Acronym Finder, All Rights Reserved. Arterial Blood Gases. Integrative medicine and complementary and alternative therapies. Median survival is about 4 years. Median life expectancy is about 4 years. In 2008, the American Cancer Society estimated about 13,300 Americans would be diagnosed with AML, and that the disease would cause 8,800 deaths. In 2008 the American Cancer Society estimated that 15,100 people would be diagnosed with CLL and that 4,400 would die of the disease. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. It generally occurs between ages 40 and 50, affecting slightly more men than women (4600 adults in the U.S. in 2005). Complete remissions occur in approximately 65% of treated patients; responses to treatment lasting 5 years are achieved in 15% to 25% of treated patients. AB. The course of the disease has three phases: a chronic one in which blood counts are relatively easy to control with medications; an accelerated phase in which granulocyte counts become more resistant to chemotherapy; and a “blast” crisis, which resembles acute leukemia. Abbreviation for acute lymphocytic leukemia. The specific needs of patients (many of whom are children) and their families must be considered. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. The word "lymphocytic" in acute lymphocytic leukemia refers to the white blood cells called lymphocytes, which ALL affects. Fatigue is an anticipated adverse effect of treatment; therefore the patient is encouraged to alternate activity with rest periods and to obtain assistance with daily activities as necessary. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Alkylphenols & Ethoxylates Research Council, Alkylphenols and Ethoxylates Research Council, all (one's) Christmases have come at once. Patient care measures focus on eradicating the illness; managing complications; minimizing the effects of chemotherapy; preserving veins (often an indwelling port is inserted to administer chemotherapy); and providing comfort, education, and psychological support. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment (PDQ). Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is used when a matching donor is available; stem cell transplantation is an option for some patients with specific cytogenetic abnormalities. Web. Chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, or both are used to treat leukemias. A hematological malignancy marked by the unchecked multiplication of immature lymphoid cells in the bone marrow, blood, and body tissues. The patient and family are encouraged to participate in care as much as possible. PSP, HIPAA Physical findings include combinations of pallor, petechiae, or purpura; mucous membrane bleeding; enlarged liver, spleen, and kidneys; and tenderness over the sternum and other bones. 25 Oct. 2020. In childhood, ALL induction chemotherapy often begins with steroids, vinca alkaloids, and asparaginase. Antidiarrheals usually control diarrhea, but the patient should be monitored for signs of dehydration. These studies are followed by cytochemical and cytogenetic studies of abnormal cells found in the marrow or the peripheral blood to confirm the diagnosis with special stains and chromosomal analysis. Any of a wide range of acquired or congenital chromosomal abnormalities can cause ALL, including lesions that result in the release of excess growth factors from cells and those that cause the loss of cancer-suppressing genes. Referrals are made to social service agencies, home health care agencies, and support groups.
ALL: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Prescribed analgesics are administered as needed, and noninvasive pain relief techniques and comfort measures (e.g., position changes, cutaneous stimulation, distraction, relaxation breathing, and imagery) may be used. ALL: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Ports are irrigated according to agency protocol. CML results from a translocation of genetic material between chromosomes 9 and 22.
https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ALL. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Accessed June 26, 2017. Chronic leukemias, which have a relatively slow course, include chronic lymphocytic (CLL), chronic myelogenous or granulocytic (CML), and hairy cell leukemia (a subtype of CLL). CML often is diagnosed in asymptomatic patients who are found to have an unexplained leukocytosis when their complete blood counts are checked. Medical ALL abbreviation meaning defined here. Regimens are devised regularly and are tailored to specific illnesses. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine.
If bleeding occurs, compresses are applied and the bleeding site is elevated. Medical abbreviations are a shorthand way of writing and talking by medical professionals (people who work to help sick people) to hurry explanation of diseases (sickness), patients, or medicines (drugs).. The timing of treatment and the prognosis in CLL depend on the stage of the disease. Factors that may increase the risk of acute lymphocytic leukemia include: Acute lymphocytic leukemia care at Mayo Clinic. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. General Terms.
Begna KH (expert opinion). Word(s) in meaning: chat Adult ALL is much less responsive to therapy; only about a third of adult patients are cured. HAIRY CELL LEUKEMIA: Bone marrow aspirate.
https://www.lls.org/treatment/integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-therapies. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. The disease affects one or two people per 100,000. The world of email, texting, and instant messaging has given rise to a whole series of acronyms and initialisms that allow texters to complete their messages more quickly.Nearly all are initialisms because they are pronounced letter by letter. Abbreviations.com.
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