These codices provide some of the best primary sources for Aztec culture. The Codex Borbonicus is a codex written by Aztec priests around the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The Codex Ixtlilxochitl is an early 17th-century codex fragment detailing, among other subjects, a calendar of the annual festivals and rituals celebrated by the Aztec teocalli during the Mexican year.


It is named for Don Juan Luis Cozcatzin, who appears in the codex as "alcalde ordinario de esta ciudad de México" ("ordinary mayor of this city of Mexico"). Colonial-era Nahuatl language documentation is the foundational texts of the New Philology, which utilizes these texts to create scholarly works from the indigenous viewpoint. Pears, quince, apple, pomegranates, peaches, and grapevines are shown Income from the sale of fruit would have increased the value of the property. There are very few of the prehispanic codex left, because they were destroyedafter the conquest in a general way. Like all pre-colonial codices, it was originally entirely pictorial in nature, although some Spanish descriptions were later added. The Libellus is also known as the Badianus Manuscript, the Codex de la Cruz-Badiano, or the Codex Barberini. [1] The colonial era codices not only contain Aztec pictograms, but also Classical Nahuatl (in the Latin alphabet), Spanish, and occasionally Latin. This pictorial codex was produced around 1560, showing royal ceremonies involving Spanish monarchs Charles V and his son and successor Philip II. Before then, only the censored and rewritten Spanish translation had been available. It is named after Don Antonio de Mendoza, the viceroy of New Spain, and a leading patron of native artists. Biblioteca Universitaria di BologniaBolognia, Italiy. Each of the 18 months is represented by a god or historical character.

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The 1947 Mexican edition is augmented by documentation in Spanish found by Luis Chávez Orozco in the Mexican archives (Archivo General de la Nación), Ramo Civil, tomo 644, giving contextual information for the pictorial Codex Osuna, and is perhaps the "lost portion." There is a rip in the middle of the 22nd page, and it is unclear whether the author intended the manuscript to end at that point or not. The Codex Aubin is a pictorial history or annal of the Aztecs from their departure from Aztlán, through the Spanish conquest, to the early Spanish colonial period, ending in 1607.

It is a copy of original source materials which are now lost, perhaps destroyed by the Spanish authorities who confiscated Sahagún's manuscripts.

The Aztec codices are manuscripts that were written and painted by tlacuilos (codex creators). This is the currently selected item. The Spanish documentation includes the review of an indigenous official's tenure, or residencia, and is typical of Spanish official documentation of the era.[8]. Howard F. Cline, "The Oztoticpac Lands Map of Texcoco, 1540," in. The Boturini Codex was painted by an unknown Aztec author some time between 1530 and 1541, roughly a decade after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. It is now held in the Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico City.
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The codex depicts the succession of Aztec rulers, the arrival of Spanish troops headed by Hernán Cortés, and the introduction of Christianity. There is a written account in Spanish that differs from that depicted in the pictorial. Scholars now have access to a body of around 500 colonial-era codices, as well as a limited number of pre-colonial codices, though there are very few surviving codices from the pre-colonial era. Serpent mask of Quetzalcoatl or Tlaloc. The map indicates a palace held by Don Carlos in Oztoticpac. A codex (plural: codices) is a book, so Aztec codices were books written by the Nahuatl-speaking people of the Aztec Empire. AZTEC ART is an Authorized Player by INAH (National Institute of Anthropology and History) established in Mexico since 1999, marketing products and faithful reproductions of different Mesoamerican cultures. [7] Other important pictorials include depictions of Spaniards punishing indigenous (folio 474v, page 204), lists of encomienda holders, including ones reverting to the Spanish crown (folios 496v - 498r; pages 250-253); cultivation of cacti for the production of the red dye cochineal (folio 500v, p. 258), and indigenous men laboring in a textile workshop or obraje (folio 500v, p. 258). The pictorials show the ‘’jura’’ (oath) ceremony of swearing the oath of allegiance to the new Spanish monarch, Philip II following the abdication of his father in 1556, performed in the Plaza Mayor of Zócalo in 1557.

Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis or the Badianus Manuscript. Of all the known manuscripts recounting Aztec history, the Codex Azcatitlan is probably the most valuable and important. Some are entirely in Nahuatl without pictorial content. M. Jorge et al. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. Because of fear of the Spanish authorities, he maintained the anonymity of his informants and wrote a heavily censored version in Spanish. Aubin Tonalamatl, Trafficking Culture Encyclopedia. [3] It is part of a lawsuit by the indigenous of a Nahua community against Spaniards, and a fragment of a much larger Mexican text; the first numbered folio in the facsimile is 464. Codex Ixtlilxochitl, an early 17th-century codex fragment detailing, among other subjects, a calendar of the annual festivals and rituals celebrated by the Aztec teocalli during the Mexican year. The final page consists of astronomical descriptions in Spanish. It was named after Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl (between 1568 & 1578 - c. 1650), a member of the ruling family of Texcoco, and is held in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris.

Aztec codices (singular codex) are books written by pre-Columbian and colonial-era Aztecs. The Aubin Codex is a pictorial history of the Aztecs from their departure from Aztlán through the Spanish conquest to the early Spanish colonial period, ending in 1607.

Next lesson. Also called "Manuscrito de 1576" ("The Manuscript of 1576"), this codex is held by the British Museum and a copy of its commentary is at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. [6] The pictorial on folio 471v (p. 198 of the Mexican edition) shows the Viceroy Don Luis de Velasco, with indigenous lords in colonial attire for their rank, as well as a nahuatlato or Nahuatl translator in Spanish attire. Primarily a religious document, it depicts the 20 day-names of the tonalpohualli, the 18 monthly feasts, the 52-year cycle, and various deities, indigenous religious rites, costumes, and cosmological beliefs. Codex Borbonicus is one of the most famous of all Aztec codices and was compiled by Aztec priests around the time of the Spanish conquest. The Florentine Codex is perhaps the most useful source of information on Aztec life in the years before the Spanish conquest, even though the complete copy of the codex was not published until 1979. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

These codices provide some of the best primary sources for Aztec culture. The Codex Borbonicus is a codex written by Aztec priests around the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The Codex Ixtlilxochitl is an early 17th-century codex fragment detailing, among other subjects, a calendar of the annual festivals and rituals celebrated by the Aztec teocalli during the Mexican year.


It is named for Don Juan Luis Cozcatzin, who appears in the codex as "alcalde ordinario de esta ciudad de México" ("ordinary mayor of this city of Mexico"). Colonial-era Nahuatl language documentation is the foundational texts of the New Philology, which utilizes these texts to create scholarly works from the indigenous viewpoint. Pears, quince, apple, pomegranates, peaches, and grapevines are shown Income from the sale of fruit would have increased the value of the property. There are very few of the prehispanic codex left, because they were destroyedafter the conquest in a general way. Like all pre-colonial codices, it was originally entirely pictorial in nature, although some Spanish descriptions were later added. The Libellus is also known as the Badianus Manuscript, the Codex de la Cruz-Badiano, or the Codex Barberini. [1] The colonial era codices not only contain Aztec pictograms, but also Classical Nahuatl (in the Latin alphabet), Spanish, and occasionally Latin. This pictorial codex was produced around 1560, showing royal ceremonies involving Spanish monarchs Charles V and his son and successor Philip II. Before then, only the censored and rewritten Spanish translation had been available. It is named after Don Antonio de Mendoza, the viceroy of New Spain, and a leading patron of native artists. Biblioteca Universitaria di BologniaBolognia, Italiy. Each of the 18 months is represented by a god or historical character.

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The 1947 Mexican edition is augmented by documentation in Spanish found by Luis Chávez Orozco in the Mexican archives (Archivo General de la Nación), Ramo Civil, tomo 644, giving contextual information for the pictorial Codex Osuna, and is perhaps the "lost portion." There is a rip in the middle of the 22nd page, and it is unclear whether the author intended the manuscript to end at that point or not. The Codex Aubin is a pictorial history or annal of the Aztecs from their departure from Aztlán, through the Spanish conquest, to the early Spanish colonial period, ending in 1607.

It is a copy of original source materials which are now lost, perhaps destroyed by the Spanish authorities who confiscated Sahagún's manuscripts.

The Aztec codices are manuscripts that were written and painted by tlacuilos (codex creators). This is the currently selected item. The Spanish documentation includes the review of an indigenous official's tenure, or residencia, and is typical of Spanish official documentation of the era.[8]. Howard F. Cline, "The Oztoticpac Lands Map of Texcoco, 1540," in. The Boturini Codex was painted by an unknown Aztec author some time between 1530 and 1541, roughly a decade after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. It is now held in the Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico City.

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