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Blackletter is also known as Old English or Gothic script. Not only were blackletter forms called Gothic script, but any other seemingly barbarian script, such as Visigothic, Beneventan, and Merovingian, were also labeled Gothic. They lived in central Europe from the 3rd to 6th century and wrote in runes. ", Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, Association for the German Script and Language, London Review of Books article about blackletter fonts and font history in general, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blackletter&oldid=982507426, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. s The letter s often has a diagonal line connecting its two bows, also somewhat resembling an ⟨8⟩, but the. German Textualis is usually very heavy and angular, and there are few characteristic features that are common to all occurrences of the script. Johannes Gutenberg carved a textualis typeface – including a large number of ligatures and common abbreviations – when he printed his 42-line Bible. G Flavio Biondo, in Italia Illustrata (1474), wrote that the Germanic Lombards invented this script after they invaded Italy in the 6th century. letters formed by sharp, straight, angular lines, unlike the typically round Carolingian; as a result, there is a high degree of "breaking", i.e. Fette Fraktur is a blackletter typeface of the sub-classification Fraktur designed by the German punchcutter Johann Christian Bauer (1802–1867) in 1850. Also Gothic script has nothing to do with the Goths. The Burgundian variant of script can be seen as the court script of the Dukes of Burgundy and was used to produce some of the most magnificent manuscripts of the 15th century. [9]. y The basic elements of typography are at least as old as civilization and the earliest writing systems—a series of key developments that were eventually drawn together into one, systematic craft. Textualis forms developed after 1190 and were used most often until approximately 1300, after which it became used mainly for de luxe manuscripts. The Blackletter History The blackletter typeface (also called Old English, Gothic script, or Textura) is a script that was well used in Western Europe from the 12 th to the 17 th century. X Littera cursiva textualis (or libraria) was the usual form, used for writing standard books, and it generally was written with a larger pen, leading to larger letters. g It developed first in those areas closest to France and then spread to the east and south in the 13th century. Chaucer's works were originally printed in blackletter, but most presses were switched over to Roman type around 1590, following the trend of the Renaissance. Littera cursiva textualis (or libraria) was the usual form, used for writing standard books, and it generally was written with a larger pen, leading to larger letters. Not only were blackletter forms called Gothic script, but any other seemingly barbarian script, such as Visigothic, Beneventan, and Merovingian, were also labeled Gothic. letters formed by sharp, straight, angular lines, unlike the typically round Carolingian; as a result, there is a high degree of "breaking", i.e.

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