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The most popular theory, however, suggests that the game originated from India in the 6th century in the form of an early Indian game called chaturanga. When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently, through the Moorish conquest of Spain, spread to Southern Europe. The most popular theory, however, suggests that the game originated from India in the 6th century in the form of an early Indian game called chaturanga. But in early Russia, the game came directly from the Khanates (muslim territories) to the south. The introduction of this technology marked the first time programmed computers could play competitively against humans. European Countries That Are Not Members Of The European Union, The US States Most Prone To Natural Disasters, The Largest Football (Soccer) Stadiums In The World. The game involved four divisions of the military namely the cavalry, infantry, chariots, and elephants. The game involved four divisions of the military namely the cavalry, infantry, chariots, and elephants. The goal of the game is to attack the opponent and put their king in a position in which they cannot escape (checkmate). Various theories try to point to the origin of the modern day chess. The chaturanga pieces later evolved to become the modern-day Knight, pawn, rook, and bishop. The rules of the game were formalized in the 19th century to include rules concerning a stalemate. In the 10th century the queen replaced the vizier chess piece, and by the 15th century, the piece had become the most powerful on the board. By Joseph Kiprop on September 5 2018 in World Facts, Chess is described as a strategic skill game that is played by two players on a chequered board in which each playing piece is allowed to move according to set out rules. One of the theories suggests that the game evolved from a Chinese variation that began in the 2nd century BC. IBM’S Deepblue computer became the first programmed machine to beat a reigning chess champion in 1997 after defeating Garry Kasparov. The Spanish rendered shatranj as ajedrez while the Portuguese called it xadrez. Chatrang later moved to the Muslim world in the form of shatranj after the Islamic conquest of Persia. Shatranj largely retained the Persian names of the games pieces. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The 20th century saw huge leaps in computer technology that was subsequently assimilated into the game of chess. Castling which is also known as the king’s leap, a move meant to secure the king's safety was devised in the same era. The chaturanga pieces later evolved to become the modern-day Knight, pawn, r… The oldest chess manual titled Kitab ash-shatranj which means ‘book of chess’ dates back 840-850 and was written by a renowned chess player by the name al-Adliar-Rumi. The Indian chaturanga later spread along the Silk Road to the west in the form of chatrang in Sassanid Persia and the east in the form of eastern strategic skill games such as xiangqi, shogi, and janggi. The term shah later evolved to become English words such as chess and check. Each player has 16 pieces that include one queen, one King, two bishops, two knights, two rooks, and eight pawns. One of the theories suggests that the game evolved from a Chinese variation that began in the 2nd century BC. The transformation into modern chess began in the year 1200 in southern Europe; by 1475 many significant and fundamental changes to the game had been adopted such as pawns gaining the ability to advance two squares in their first move. What Is Ballroom Dance, And Where Did It Originate? The oldest artifacts of the chess game date back to about 760 and were found in Samarkand in Uzbekistan which was part of the ancient Persian Empire. The terms checkmate and rook are also English renditions of the Persian terms shah mat which means that the king is finished and rukh which means chariot. The game originated in northern India in the 6th century AD and spread to Persia. The rise of technology has, however, led some to raise concern about the potential use of related technology to cheat in chess tournaments. Various theories try to point to the origin of the modern day chess. Chaturanga was flourishing in northwestern India by the 7th century and is regarded as the earliest precursor of modern chess because it had two key features found in all later chess variants—different pieces had different powers (unlike checkers and go), and victory was based on … Early forms of European chess had pieces with limited movement on the board. The rest of Europe used variations of the Persian shah which means king.

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