After his exploration of Baja California, Cortés returned to Spain in 1541, hoping to confound his angry civilians, who had brought many lawsuits against him (for debts, abuse of power, etc.).  Cortés left 200 men in Tenochtitlán and took the rest to confront Narváez. . 1560–1592. Cortés was eager to meet the Aztec king Motecuhzoma. This son Martín Cortés was sometimes called "El Mestizo". He is dressed in a loincloth and wears a shell necklace and fine beaded bracelets. :468, Cortés is commemorated in the scientific name of a subspecies of Mexican lizard, Phrynosoma orbiculare cortezii.. Word soon reached Motecuhzoma that a large force of violent men was confidently approaching the Aztec heartlands. A few days after Cortés's return from his expedition, Ponce de León suspended Cortés from his office of governor of New Spain. During his travel to Spain, his property was mismanaged by abusive colonial administrators. (Enlightenment of Ferdinand Cortés concerning new facts about the new sea and the ocean .  With the assistance of their allies, Cortés's men finally prevailed with reinforcements arriving from Cuba. In part as a response to Francisco LÃ³pez de GÃ³maraâs published account of the heroics of HernÃ¡n Cortés in Mexico, one of Cortésâs infantry men, Bernal DÃaz del Castillo (1496–1584), dictated to his grandson “the story of myself and my comrades, all true conquerors, who served His Majesty in the discovery, conquest, pacification, and settlement. With Cortés' experience as an administrator, knowledge gained from many failed expeditions, and his impeccable rhetoric he was able to gather six ships and 300 men, within a month. However, many landmarks still bear his name, from the castle Palacio de Cortés in the city of Cuernavaca to some street names throughout the republic. Montezuma Meets Cortésby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). The Franciscans arrived in May 1524, a symbolically powerful group of twelve known as the Twelve Apostles of Mexico, led by Fray Martín de Valencia. Holed up in the royal palace, Cortés resisted several waves of attacks and then fought to control the gigantic Templo Mayor pyramid, which was being used as a handy vantage point to rain down missiles on the Spanish. Xipe–Totec, “Our lord the flayed one,” is manifested first in Teotihuacan culture and continues in importance up to Aztec times. Although Cortés had flouted the authority of Diego Velázquez in sailing to the mainland and then leading an expedition of conquest, Cortés's spectacular success was rewarded by the crown with a coat of arms, a mark of high honor, following the conqueror's request. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. of New Spain.” Full of telling anecdotes, DÃazâs version has become a classic in many languages. "The lost first letter of Cortés. Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, 1st Marquess of the Valley of Oaxaca[a] (/kɔːrˈtɛs/; Spanish: [eɾˈnaŋ koɾˈtez ðe monˈroj i piˈθaro altamiˈɾano]; 1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century. Xipe-Totec priest wearing flayed human skin. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Having spent a great deal of his own money to finance expeditions, he was now heavily in debt. Cortés was temporarily distracted by one of Catalina's sisters but finally married Catalina, reluctantly, under pressure from Governor Velázquez.
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