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Ethiopia’s population is growing about 2.7% annually with no projected peak year or period of decline. Ethiopia's total population has grown from 38.1 million in 1983 to 109.5 million in 2018. Among these are the Mursi and Anuak. ; Ethiopia 2020 population is estimated at 114,963,588 people at mid year according to UN data. Receive the latest updates from the UNICEF Data team, : Monitoring the situation of children and women, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Visit childmortality.org for complete data, Read more about early childhood development. The population density of Ethiopia has changed from 32.0 in 1980 to 107.5 in 2018. Often the mothers are only attended to by an elderly midwife. miles). Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. It does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or area or the delimitation of any frontiers. The population density is estimated to be near 5,165 individuals per square kilometer available. Ethiopia, like most countries in Africa, is a multi-ethnic state. The disproportionate population increase has hindered the economy’s ability to grow and develop at a more rapid pace due to the increased need for more resources. Other major cities include Adama (324,000), Gondar (324,000), Mek'ele (324,000), and Hawassa (302,000). Demographics of Ethiopia 2019. The rising age of marriage and the increasing proportion of women remaining single have contributed to fertility reduction. Ethiopia is currently one of the fastest growing countries in the world, with a growth rate of 3.02% per year. Ethiopia is home to various ethnicities, predominantly the Oromo at 34.4% of the country's population and the Amhara, who account for 27% of the population. Ethiopia has the first Hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement on the continent. The population is forecast to grow to over 210 million by 2060, which would be a… The most important tongue in this group is Afan Oromo. Global Economic Prospects examines trends for the world economy and how they affect developing countries. This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 12:02. With more than 40 percent of the population below the age of 15 and a fertility rate of over 5 children per woman (and even higher in rural areas), Ethiopia will have to make further progress in meeting its family planning needs if it is to achieve the age structure necessary for reaping a demographic dividend in the coming decades. Cushitic languages, however, are also used in the north of the country, namely Afarinya, spoken by the Afar of eastern Wollo and the northern half of the Djibouti Republic; Saho, in parts of Tigray; and Agawinya, in small pockets in different parts of western Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s rapid population growth is putting increasing pressure on land resources, expanding environmental degradation, and raising vulnerability to food shortages. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women. Poverty, drought, political repression, and forced government resettlement have driven Ethiopia’s internal and external migration since the 1960s. The report includes country-specific three-year forecasts for major macroeconomic indicators, including commodity and financial markets. Other Cushitic language in the area comprise Somalinya, which is spoken by the Somali in the Ogaden to the east, as well as in the neighboring Somali Republic and part of Djibouti, and the Sidaminya language, used in part of the Sidama region. As far as age distribution goes, 50.4% of population (56,830,536) is 19 or younger, 46.0% of population (51,902,968) is between age 20 and 64 and 3.6% of population (4,048,048) is over 65. Ethiopia: Population growth (compared to previous year) 2.58% Ethiopia: Fertility rate 4.25 Population Total population of Ethiopia 2024. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2006 edition". The most common diseases that cause mortality among many Ethiopians are AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and various communicable diseases that occur due to improper sanitation and malnutrition. In terms of access to clean drinking water and sanitation, the numbers are still quite grim in this country. Population density will go up to 190.9 people per square kilometer. Ethiopia’s population is growing about 2.7% annually with no projected peak year or period of decline. This estimate of how many people live in Ethiopia is based on the most recent United Nations projections, and makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous country in the world. Ethnic differences may also be observed from the great variety of languages spoken in the country, of which there are an astonishing eighty-three, with 200 dialects. Although the original physical differences between the major ethnic groups have been blurred by centuries, if not millennia, of intermarriage, there remain many who are distinct and unique. The demographics of Ethiopia constitutes of 56,448,000 women and 56,311,000 men, which means there are 998 men per 1000 women. The surface area in Ethiopia is currently at 1,104,300 km² (or 426,372.6137 miles square). [7], Below are the UN's medium variant projections:[7], Registration of vital events in Ethiopia is incomplete. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth. Therefore, it is important to provide the Ethiopians with adequate knowledge regarding common diseases and their appropriate medication and cure. But within its African boundaries lies a nation filled with a rich culture and heritage. The capital is Addis Ababa (‘New Flower’), located almost at the center of the country. There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. Data refer to the 12 months preceding the census in May. note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, note: median age at first birth among women 25-29. The birth rate in Ethiopia is 36 births per 1,000 people. They include, from north to south, Gumuz in Gondar and Gojjam, Berta in Welega, and Anuak in Ilubabor. The median age in Ethiopia is approximately 17.9 years of age. Christians account for 63% of the country's population. It is used in a wide stretch of country, including Welega and parts of Ilubabor in the west, Wollo in the north, Shewa and Arsi in the centre, Bale and Sidamo in the south, and Harerge in the east. The demographics of Ethiopia constitutes of 56,448,000 women and 56,311,000 men, which means there are 998 men per 1000 women. Global Economic Prospects. Key demographic indicators for Ethiopia: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. Currently, the population growth rate is among the top ten countries in the world. The composition of the labor force is almost 40%, accounting for another step toward progress. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 41.5%, 55.8% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older. Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world due to its rapid population upsurge. Ethiopia is a predominantly agricultural country – more than 80% of the population lives in rural areas – that is in the early stages of demographic transition. The principal Semitic language of the north-western and centre of the country is Amharic, which is the language of Gondar and Gojjam, as well as much of Wollo and Shewa. Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. A land where child starvation and subsequent death have been prevalent for such a long time requires assistance from the more privileged and prosperous nations of the world. Ethiopia Global Economic Prospects examines trends for the world economy and how they affect developing countries. The life expectancy at birth should reach 74.6 (72.1 years for male and 77.1 years for females). The conditions of poverty entail deterioration in health for many of Ethiopia's inhabitants. Rate of natural increase is approximately 2.34 percent per year. Ethiopia. Population of Ethiopia from 1960 to 2020 (historical), Copyright © 2020 populationof.net All rights reserved, 114,924,907 people at present (Sunday 25th of October 2020). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. According to the World Factbook, only 57% of the country has improved access to clean drinking water, while 42% still struggle to find clean water. (life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined), © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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