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Increased business activity and real estate construction boom has resulted in Clifton altering the city skyline,[16] with the two tallest buildings in Pakistan, the Bahria Icon Tower and the Ocean Towers located in Clifton. The most striking aspect of Karachi’s layout is the west-to-east parallel alignment of the four arterial roads—Nishter Road (formerly called Lawrence Road), Mohammed Ali Jinnah Road (formerly Bandar Road), Shahrah-e-Liaquat (Frere Road), and I.I. This is by far the fastest growth of any metro region in the world. A biting north wind occasionally blows in these months, during which the temperature may drop to 40 °F (4 °C). Farther from the city centre are modern bungalows occupied by richer persons; the outer zone is occupied by workers. In 1999, President Pervez Musharraf committed itself to an overhaul of the entire administrative structure of the country. In the early 20th century, Parsis began moving to the area, and were soon followed by Muslims and Hindus. The event has been a major hit with young people with the event witnessing massive crowds on all three days of this festival. Chundrigar Road (McCleod Road). Karachi Grammar School maintains its Kindergarten, Junior and College sections in Clifton. This area is planned on a checkerboard pattern and shows European characteristics. Camel rides along Clifton Beach are a popular activity. Jinnah Road and I.I. [1] Clifton is one of the most affluent parts of the city, with some of Karachi's most expensive real estate. Clifton is an upscale and historic seaside locality in Karachi, Pakistan. Karachi is built on a coastal plain with scattered rocky outcroppings, hills and marshlands. The system of government changed again in 1996, when the Division of Karachi was subdivided into five districts, each with its own Municipal Corporation. Omissions? The average rainfall is 8 inches (203 mm); most of the rain falls during a total of 9 or 10 days in the months of June, July, and August. The Karachi Municipal Corporation was upgraded to a Metropolitan Corporation in 1976, followed by Zonal Municipal Committees operating from 1987-1994. The area around Clifton was a largely barren seashore until British rule, and was previously known to locals as "Hawa Bandar," or "Wind Port." Some follow contemporary North American design, while others incorporate features of traditional Muslim architecture. It also houses the headquarters of Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan.[15]. (2017) city, 14,916,456; (2018 est.) [7], The government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto planned a casino in the area near the Clifton Beach in a bid to attract foreign tourists to Pakistan in the 70s. Karachi, Pakistan was a federation of eighteen autonomous boroughs, called "Towns," that made up the City District of Karachi from 2001 until 2011. East of the old town are such districts as the Drigh Cantonment, the Civil Lines (residential areas for senior civil service officers), and the Saddar Bazar. Mangrove forests grow in the brackish waters around the Karachi Harbour, and farther southeast towards the expansive Indus River Delta. Physical and human geography Landscape City site. Clifton Bridge was built in the 1930s to connect the suburb to central Karachi. Buildings in the outer areas are built of cement blocks, and with few exceptions they show no uniformity in design. During the 1970s this merger was reversed and Karachi became a division in its own right, covering 3,528 km². The city has been variously called Caranjee, Crochey, Krotchey, Currachee, and Kurrachee. The relative humidity varies from 58 percent in October, the driest month, to 82 percent in August, the wettest month. The system was abolished in 2011, and Karachi was divided into 5 City District Municipal Corporations, with a 6th formed in 2013. It is the country’s largest city and principal seaport and is a major commercial and industrial centre. Coarse grass, cactus, and castor plants occur on the plains and hills, and date and coconut palms grow in the river valleys. Karachi is located on the coastline of Sindh province in southern Pakistan, along the Karachi Harbour, a natural harbour on the Arabian Sea. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Malīr River, a seasonal stream, passes through the eastern part of the city, and the Layāri River, also seasonal, runs through the most densely populated northern section. The outer areas are dominated by dormitory suburbs interspersed with a scattering of cantonments (military quarters), agricultural tracts, saltworks, airports, railway stations, and marshaling yards. High humidity in the region does not permit evaporation of stagnant water in some places, while fumes from factories and automobiles contribute to air pollution, in spite of land and sea breezes. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Karachi Saddar GPO: DEFENCE HOUSING SOCIETY: 75500: Karachi Saddar … In 1878, the city was empowered to collect taxes at a local level. Clockwise from top: Clifton's Katrak Bandstand, "Karachi won't be Karachi without the seat", "Hindus celebrate Maha Shivratri festival in Karachi", "Clifton apartments, the most promising property investment: Report", "Banking on history, British brands thrive in Pakistan", "Head & Divisional Offices - Pakistan State Oil", "The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan » Communication with Institute", "Karachi property prices soar after Pakistan crime crackdown", "Is Karachi Eat really worth the hype, and how can it do better? The system was abolished in 2011, and Karachi was divided into 5 City District Municipal Corporations, with a 6th formed in 2013. Head Start School System also operates its biggest branch Clifton Campus in Clifton area. Former Professor and Chair, Department of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Each of the eighteen towns were governed by an elected Town Council, and led by an elected Town Nazim (Mayor) assisted by a number of officials. The central area contains apartment bungalows, barracks, and multistoried buildings; the outer areas are characterized by bungalows, blocks of flats, and quarters (streets of small houses). Many new restaurateurs and aspiring chefs try out their locally and internationally inspired dishes at the event. It is also the port serving the landlocked country of Afghanistan. Jinnah Road, and with extensions stretching along the material roads for over a mile; unplanned, it is reminiscent of medieval towns of the Middle East or Europe. The Karachi Eat Food Festival, which is Pakistan's biggest food festival, is held every year in Clifton. Seaweed rises in tangles, and mangroves grow along some of the shores. Prior to the establishment of the area as a suburb of Karachi, Clifton's shoreline had been home to a shrine of 8th century Abdullah Shah Ghazi - widely regarded as the city's patron saint. Free Wifi. Today it headquarters the corporate office of Pakistan's largest energy company, Pakistan State Oil (PSO)[11] as well several other large local and foreign companies such as Nestle Pakistan Limited,[12] Dolmen Group[13] and Muller and Phipps[14] among other corporate and regional offices. Area city, 228 square miles (591 square km); Greater Karachi, 560 square miles (1,450 square km). The Karachi Development Authority, which controls city-planning and administration of services in Karachi, is no longer controlled at the local level, but is instead administered by the province directly.[1]. Karachi has pleasant weather for the greater part of the year. Some ridges and isolated hills occur in the north and east; Mango Pīr, the highest elevation, is 585 feet high. After independence in 1947, Karachi became the capital of the newly independent state of Pakistan and Mayor Hakim Ehsan received the Governor-General, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, at Karachi International Airport. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. urban agglom., 15,400,000. The area remained a residential area characterized by bungalows until the 1970s, when the area began to develop as one of Karachi's prime commercial and retail centres. Chundrigar Road. 1948 saw the city boundaries fixed within the new Federal Capital Territory, which covered 2,103 km² but also included several small towns and villages separate from Karachi. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Bilawal House, which is now the current residence of Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has been surrounded with controversy since the erection of a protective wall around the house, with many local politicians asking authorities to pull it down. Karachi Harbour, on the shores of which the city is situated, is a safe and beautiful natural harbour. Free parking. Between 1998 and 2011, Karachi's metropolitan area rose from 9.8 to 21.2 million, an increase of 115%.

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