When a game begins to deviate from known opening theory, the players are said to be "out of book". Anderssen Variation), Spassky Variation (aka. The Stonewall is characterized by the White pawn formation on c3, d4, e3, and f4, and can be achieved by several move orders and against many different Black setups. or in the Full Alpha-Index. To make matters more confusing, these terms are used very inconsistently. loses a pawn.) I have typed all the castling moves with capital 'O's Inverted Hungarian O. 177) Weird opening names Most of the names given to chess openings make a good deal of sense. 4. R' 2. c4 (humongous typo on (c) page! Larsen's Opening (1.b3) and the Sokolsky Opening (1.b4) are occasionally seen in grandmaster play. The Colle System and Stonewall Attack are classified as Queen's Pawn Games because White plays d4 but not c4. The Sicilian and French Defenses lead to unbalanced positions that can offer exciting play with both sides having chances to win. If White opens with 1.Nf3, the game often becomes one of the d4 openings (closed games or semi-closed games) by a different move order (this is called transposition), but unique openings such as the Réti and King's Indian Attack are also common. Variation, Queen's Gambit Declined, Slav Defence, Dutch However, these variants include one or more fairy pieces which move differently from chess pieces. Bogoljubow Variation), Two Pawns' Attack (aka. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants. There is no opening book for real beginners.
• lichess.org", "Three-check • Check your opponent 3 times to win the game", "Teaching Chess the Easy and Fun Way with Mini-Games - UIL", "Thrones Chess, a Chess Variant played on CirSquare Board perfect combination of Circular and Square Boards", "Super X Chess releases tomorrow on Steam", The Piececlopedia: The Rook-Knight Compound, The Piececlopedia: Bishop-Knight Compound, "Comparison of Material Power in Variant-Chess Games - Chess Forums", "Musketeer Chess, a modern Chess Variant", Chess on an Infinite Plane with Huygens Option, "5D Chess With Multiverse Time Travel Press Kit", The Chess Family - History and Useful Information, Comparison of Material Power in Variant Chess Games, Variety and history of Chess in ancient world, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_chess_variants&oldid=981929382, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 06:45. Titles in bold type below indicate major lines (with separate description or "Jump" pages). 3. description or "Jump" pages). Although it was played occasionally as early as the late 19th century, the King's Indian was considered inferior until the 1940s, when it was taken up by Bronstein, Boleslavsky, and Reshevsky. Sicilian), English Opening, Reversed Sicilian, Closed Systems, English Opening, Reversed Sicilian, Four Knights'
system, King's Indian Defence, Averbakh Variation, King's Indian Defence, Four Pawns' Attack, King's Indian Defence, Samisch Variation, Byrne
Some openings that are effective against amateur players are less effective at the master level. Most players realize after a while that they play certain types of positions better than others, and that the amount of theory they can learn is limited.
The many openings of chess are listed here. The most popular alternatives to 2.Nf3 are the Vienna Game (2.Nc3), the Bishop's Opening (2.Bc4), and the King's Gambit (2.f4). Ernst Grünfeld debuted the Grünfeld Defense in 1922. Then one of the pieces (except knights) is removed and the game is started.
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), English Opening with 1...e5 (King's English, or Reversed In the Queen's Gambit Accepted, Black plays ...dxc4, giving up the center for free development and the chance to try to give White an isolated queen pawn with a subsequent ...c5 and ...cxd4. Variation, French Defence, Tarrasch Variation, Guimard system, Vienna Game, Frankenstein-Dracula Variation, Ruy Lopez (Spanish Game), Open Morphy Defence FULL GROUP-LIST of all major Two setups were suggested by the inventor initially, but only the second one (Anti-King II), which is very close to standard chess gained popularity. Classic Openings - P. Opening Name: Variation: Date Added: Paris Opening: 1. Then one of the queens is removed and the game is started. The game goal and rules are also very similar to those in chess; however, these variants include one or more fairy pieces which move differently from chess pieces. As with the closed games, transpositions are important and many of the Indian defenses can be reached by several different move orders. An example is the Perenyi Attack of the Sicilian Defense (see diagram), which yields an immensely complicated and tactical position that even strong players have difficulty handling, and that is beyond the comprehension of most amateurs. OPENINGS, DEFENCES, GAMBITS & VARIATIONS. Search through more than 3,000 opening lines to find the perfect chess opening for you.  Opening theory was studied more scientifically from the 1840s on, and many opening variations were discovered and named in this period and later. The English Opening (1.c4) also frequently transposes into a d4 opening, but it can take on independent character as well including the Symmetrical Variation (1.c4 c5) and the Reversed Sicilian (1.c4 e5). Bind, Sicilian Defence, Paulsen/Taimanov Variation, Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Check Variation, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Levenfish
These include preparing pawn breaks to create counterplay, creating weaknesses in the opponent's pawn structure, seizing control of key squares, making favorable exchanges of minor pieces (e.g. The study of openings can become unbalanced if it is to the exclusion of tactical training and middlegame and endgame strategy.
main line, Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defence, Rubinstein Most of the pieces in these variants are borrowed from chess. The Philidor Defense (2...d6) is not popular in modern chess because it allows White an easy space advantage while Black's position remains cramped and passive, although solid.
If Black instead maintains symmetry and counterattacks White's center with 2...Nf6 then the Petrov's Defense results. Pin Variation), Charlick Gambit (aka.
System, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Rubinstein Variation, Fischer ], PGN collections: [VIEW in browser] -- Download: [10 ways] [100-odd] [Blog] [Booklets] [Canon ] [Capa Endgames] [[email protected]] [Endings] [English] [Ish] [Juniors] [Openings] [Slav/Mac] [Tactics] [Top10] [Vacuum] -- [What's pgn? An alternative is to sacrifice one or two pawns, for example in the Danish Gambit. Since these categories are still individually very large, it is common to divide each of them further. There are dozens of different openings, and hundreds of variants.
), Three concurrent games of exchange (bughouse).jpg, Large Resin Chess Set on Wood inlay board.jpg, Upright weighted chess set (reproduction), Marble Chess Set on an inlaid Granite Board.JPG, The Viking Game (Tablut) wood & leather.jpg, Braille chess set with raised dark squares.JPG, Bone 'Barleycorn' Chess Set.JPG, Indian Wood Chess Set on Musical Chess Table.JPG, Stainless Steel Hanayama Puzzle Chess set, Turned ox-bone chess set in natural colour and cochineal on folding wooden board.JPG, Small messenger-bag-sized plastic chess set and board.jpg. Nh3 d5 2. g3 e5 3. f4 Bxh3 4. Titles in bold type below indicate major lines (with separate description or "Jump" pages).
Advanced players may find less-familiar openings to study here or in the Full Alpha-Index.. Beginners are advised to use the shortlist on the Clear screen. The King's Gambit was extremely popular in the 19th century. Semi-open games: 1.e4, Black plays other than 1...e5, Flank openings (including English, Réti, Bird's, and White fianchettos). Black has two popular ways to decline the pawn, the Slav (2...c6) and the Queen's Gambit Declined (2...e6). The term can refer to the initial moves by either side, White or Black, but an opening by Black may also be known as a defense. Over 1,000 Chess opening variations! Bg5, Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defence, Lasker Bxh3 exf4: 30 September 2002: Petrov's Defense: 1. e4 e5 2. The Queen's Gambit is somewhat misnamed, since White can always regain the offered pawn if desired. The Vienna Game also frequently features attacks on the Black center by means of a f2–f4 pawn advance. 5. 1.d4 without 1...d5, 1...Nf6 or 1...f5: Atypical replies to 1.d4, 1.d4 Nf6 without 2.c4: Atypical replies to 1...Nf6, 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 without 2...e6 or 2...g6: Atypical Indian systems, 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 with 3...d5: Grünfeld Defence, 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6: Indian systems with ...e6, 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 without 3...d5: Indian systems with ...g6 (except Grünfeld), These statistics show a movement away from symmetrical defences to asymmetrical defences.
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