Passionflower is the larval food source for the …
18 Passiflora incarnata J. Bot. + Floral bracts obscure, linear-subulate, 1 × 0.2–0.5 mm, margins entire, eglandular. Passiflora 13: 34–35, 37–38.
(12) Passiflora pallida (in part) 6: 192. Sun … Passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines, is a genus of about 550 species of flowering plants, the type genus of the family Passifloraceae.
Passiflora-Heliconiinae coevolution has been a subject of interest (W. W. Benson et al.
+ Category: Tropicals and Tender Perennials.
Bark with corky ridges or wings; leaf blades as long as to usually longer than wide, unlobed or 3-lobed, lobes rounded to acute, abaxial nectaries absent, petiole glands clavate; Florida, Texas. This symbolism led to its cultivation in Europe in the early seventeenth century; P. incarnata was probably the first species grown there. Recent molecular-based phylogenetic studies have investigated the relationships and circumscriptions of infrageneric groups, generally supporting the Feuillet and MacDougal subgeneric classification (for example, V. C. Muschner et al. Plants glabrous or hairy but not densely woolly; stipules, blades, and floral bracts with obvious gland-tipped bristles or hairs; leaf blades moderately to deeply 3(–5)-lobed Leaves not pungent, glabrous or subglabrous to short-hairy, not soft-hairy; stipules linear-subulate, 2–5 × 0.5–1 mm, eglandular; petiole glandular, glands cuplike; blade roughly symmetric, 2–7 × 2.5–16 cm, as wide as to usually wider than long, 3–9-lobed, primary lobes 3 and often further lobed, … 13 Passiflora lutea
1968; syn. Leaf blades with abaxial nectaries; floral bracts 1–3 mm; sepals 10–16 mm, outer corona filaments apically clavate; c Texas. + 9 Passiflora foetida However, species with long-tubular, scentless, red flowers (especially common in the Andes) are hummingbird-pollinated, and bat pollination is also known (T. Ulmer and J. M. MacDougal 2004). J. C. Estill and M. B. Cruzan (2001) mentioned that P. morifolia is endemic to South Carolina, whereas it is actually native only to Central and South America. (8) Leaves petiolate; stipules leaflike to minutely setaceous, margins entire, serrate, or deeply cleft, sometimes glandular; blade (2)3(–9)-lobed or unlobed, base cuneate to cordate or rarely peltate, surfaces sometimes glandular, glands or nectaries associated with marginal teeth or abaxially near margins or between primary veins. + This is based upon the misinterpretation of confusing labels on old specimens (see D. H. Goldman 2004). 11 Passiflora multiflora 2 Passiflora mexicana
Leaf blades with abaxial nectaries; floral bracts 1–3 mm; sepals 10–16 mm, outer corona filaments apically clavate; c Texas. 2n = 24. A first molecular phylogenetic analysis of Passiflora (Passifloraceae). Open oak-juniper or coastal woodlands and savannas, grasslands and semideserts, primarily over limestone; 30–900 m; Tex. Leaf blades glabrous or subglabrous to short-hairy, not soft-hairy, primary 3 lobes often lobed, abaxial nectaries present or absent; petioles with cuplike glands; Texas. Leaves soft-hairy abaxially 2003. Many of these invest heavily in below-ground structures, having rhizomes or root-suckers (for example, P. affinis, P. filipes, P. foetida var. Slender Lobe Passionflower. Hansen, A. K. et al. 38: 692–713.
Leaf blades shallowly 3-lobed; young stems terete; Florida. In the key below, P. ×belotii will key to P. caerulea, P. edulis and P. ‘Incense’ to P. incarnata, P. miniata to P. multiflora, and P. mixta to P. tarminiana. A. Scott (1986) for a survey of Heliconiinae associated with Passiflora in North America. Leaf blades unlobed to rarely obscurely 3–5-lobed, margins entire; stipules linear-setaceous, 0.5 mm wide; petals 4–5 mm, floral tube absent.
15 Passiflora bryonioides (7)
mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Nielsen & P. Jørgensen, and P. vitifolia Kunth (T. Ulmer and J. M. MacDougal 2004). (14) King 2004), the three styles representing the nails, the corona representing the crown of thorns, and red coloration (if present) representing the blood of Christ. Passion Flowers, ed.
Leaf blades unlobed to rarely obscurely 3–5-lobed, margins entire; stipules linear-setaceous, 0.5 mm wide; petals 4–5 mm, floral tube absent. 90: 1229–1238. 550 (18 in the flora): North America, Mexico, Central America, West Indies, South America, Australasia; warm-temperate to tropical areas; some species introduced in the tropics worldwide. Texas, New Mexico and Mexico. Fruits baccate [capsular or capsulelike berries]. Fine veins on abaxial leaf surface raised (especially in dried specimens), leaf blade 2–10(–15) cm, middle lobe usually 1/3–2/3 blade length; widespread (excluding southernmost Texas). Growing in an array of colors, these vigorous climbers are invasive and often viewed as weeds. Passiflora: Passionflowers of the World. Prepare the passiflora seeds by soaking them in warm water for one full day. Stipules linear-subulate or linear-setaceous, 0.5–1 mm wide. Passiflora incarnata is pollinated primarily by carpenter bees (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae; C. M. McGuire 1999). Fruits green to yellow-green; leaves pungent, densely hairy, blade 3–5(–8) × 2.5–5.5(–7) cm; Texas. The most recent system (C. Feuillet and J. M. MacDougal 2003) recognizes only four subgenera: Astrophea (de Candolle) Masters, Decaloba (de Candolle) Reichenbach, Deidamioides (Harms) Killip, and Passiflora. 5 (3) Portland. The larvae sequester and metabolize plant toxins for their own defense against predation, even into adulthood, which has resulted in complicated Batesian and Muellerian mimicry networks of Heliconiinae species.
[F] Stems terete, sparsely hairy, (bark not corky). Leaf blades deeply 3–9-lobed; young stems angular; California. For broad and well-illustrated treatments of the genus, see T. Ulmer and J. M. MacDougal (2004), and J. Vanderplank (2000). Leaves glabrous or hairy to hispid abaxially, but not soft-hairy Passiflora fruits are generally adapted to animal consumption for seed dispersal. Leaf margins sharply dentate; Arizona Passiflora species are horticulturally desirable because of the unusual appearance and attractiveness of their flowers and leaves.
Leaf blades without conspicuous nectaries on abaxial surface, or if present, not forming lines and always near leaf margins; sepals 6–13 mm Passiflora tenuiloba.
Uncommon in the nursery trade, it may volunteer in yards in San Antonio. (13) 6 (1) 3 (2) Stipules linear-subulate or linear-setaceous, 0.5–1 mm wide
Vanderplank, J. Flowers bisexual or sometimes functionally unisexual [staminate]; hypanthium flattened to cuplike or tubular; sepals sometimes with subapical setose to leaflike projection; stamens 5 , usually alternate with petals, borne on short to elongate androgynophore; anthers dorsifixed, versatile; ovary 3[–5]-carpellate, borne at tip of androgynophore. 1975).
Stems glabrous; abaxial leaf nectaries in lines rarely extending to leaf lobes, at least on flowering stems; fine leaf veins weakly to moderately raised abaxially; corona filaments terete, red, becoming purple; Arizona. (4) A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong Interpreting Wetland Status. Inflorescences solitary or paired flowers, simple or many-branched [pedunculate cyme with central pedicel often as aborted tendril], secondary inflorescences sometimes present as condensed, axillary (terminal) shoots; bracts 0 or (1–)3, scattered to whorled, margins sometimes glandular. Some Passiflora species exhibit polymorphism is best exemplified in the closely related P. pallida and P. tenuiloba; color variation is most strongly expressed in P. mexicana and P. pallens. Wetland Status.
Leaf blades strongly asymmetric and 2- or 3-lobed, with 1 of the 2 primary lateral lobes greatly reduced or absent Vines, glabrous or densely hairy, sometimes glandular. Leaf blades densely soft-hairy, lobes unlobed, abaxial nectaries absent; petioles eglandular; se Florida. 5. While collecting nectar, visitors inadvertently collect downward when receptive, then erect again when no longer receptive. Leaf blades deeply 3-lobed, margins serrate; stipules subreniform, often leaflike, 2–3 mm wide; petals 40–54 mm, floral tube 60–80 mm (15) Our native species have a conspicuous corona, are scented, and are insect-pollinated. 31: 138–150. Passiflora ciliata Passiflora ×belotii does not form fruit and it is unlikely to naturalize except by rooting at the nodes of fallen branches or possibly by suckering. (18) (2) Leaf blades glabrous or subglabrous to short-hairy, not soft-hairy, primary 3 lobes often lobed, abaxial nectaries present or absent; petioles with cuplike glands; Texas. Stems minutely puberulent; abaxial leaf nectaries usually in lines extending to leaf lobes, at least on flowering stems; fine leaf veins prominently raised abaxially; corona filaments laterally flattened, green basally, yellow apically; se Florida.
Muschner, V. C. et al. Leaves not pungent, glabrous or subglabrous to short-hairy, not soft-hairy; stipules linear-subulate, 2–5 × 0.5–1 mm, eglandular; petiole glandular, glands cuplike; blade roughly symmetric, 2–7 × 2.5–16 cm, as wide as to usually wider than long, 3–9-lobed, primary lobes 3 and often further lobed, lobes acute, middle primary lobe much shorter than to ± as long as lateral 2 primary lobes, margins entire; abaxial fine veins moderately to prominently raised, abaxial nectaries usually absent, sometimes present near leaf margins but not forming lines.
2013). This plant has no children Legal Status.
The genus Passiflora contains over 400 species, so the common name passion flower can be a bit confusing.
Primary leaf lobes 2 or 3, often appearing 2-lobed (middle lobe absent), middle lobe much shorter than lateral lobes, usually symmetric, or strongly asymmetrically 2- or 3-lobed with 1 lateral lobe greatly reduced or absent 2000. Fruits green to yellow-green; leaves pungent, densely hairy, blade 3–5(–8) × 2.5–5.5(–7) cm; Texas. Leaf blades with conspicuous nectaries on abaxial surface, usually forming lines; sepals 13–17 mm + Leaf blades shallowly 3-lobed; young stems terete; Florida.
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