Her names mean "the Exalted One." Triple Goddess. Rules Over: Pleasure, courage, water magick, fertility magick, sea faery contact.
Cernunnos (Celtic, Gaulish) – Ancient God of fertility, nature, animals, the underworld. The Horned God, The Lord.
Lugh is also known as a Celtic Sun God and provides a golden harvest in the month of August. She is the Goddess of Summer, Wealth and Sovereignty. Druantia (Celtic) – Goddess of trees, fertility, passion. Her worship was widespread, probably through the semi-dominance of the Brigantes tribe, who covered a wide area from Ireland into Gaul.
Like Brigit, his worship was widespread, attested to by inscriptions and the belief that the numerous towns that bear the name Lugodunum (or some variation) refer to Lugos. She is associated with spider web, sulphur, thread, yarn. Protector of sacred spaces. Often takes the form of a crow or raven. Later, the Romans identified him with Mercury. Modron (Welsh) – Mother of Mabon. The Symbol of the Triple Goddess is the Waxing, Full and Waning Moons.
In this respect the totemic and shamanic elements underlying the divine hag in ancient Celtic domains become apparent.
AND DID HE DRIVE OUT ALL SNAKES FROM IRELAND? There are a number of common neopagan misconceptions regarding the Celtic gods], and the most prominent one is that of the Triple Goddess. Who were these ancient Irish Gods and Goddesses? Protectress in war and peace. This is significant, for it leads us to the next version of triplets: the goddess of the land.
Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Badb (Irish), Cath Bodva (Gaulish) – Goddess of enlightenment, inspiration, life, wisdom. Two mountains in Kerry called the Paps of Anu are named after her, and she is tentatively the mother of the mother of Leicetershire’s hag Black Annis who required human victims (Leach, 1972). Seen as a triple goddess, with Badb, Macha, and Nemain/Anand/Fea. He/him pronouns, please. In her triple-goddess form, she is a healer, a poet, and a smith. Nothing is known about him today though he may have later surfaced as Borvo, a Breton God of hot springs. Regarded as a counterpart of Aine and Aoibell she was also renowned as a heroine and seductress.
MacKay’s legend is possibly a reworking of an old story about a fire God.
The Symbol of the Triple Goddess is the Waxing, Full and Waning Moons. Within the area of the south west of Ireland there are numerous hag goddesses. Associated with Dryads (tree faeries). Boann is an Irish Goddess of fertility and her element is water. Rules over: Animals, familiars, woodlands. Brigid as the triple goddess of poetry, culture and metal craft. Today most celtic witches see these two as faeries or spiritual energies rather than as divine beings since only pieces of folklore and custom, rather than mythology, define them. God of confluence whose sacred places were wherever two rivers or bodies of water met.
She was known as Cally Berry which means "old gloomy woman" in Irish. Rode a deer-drawn chariot.
Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Also, there are attributes ascribed to these roles which indicate that they--the attributes--are then lacking in the other figures: the Crone is Wise (but the Mother isn't? Associated with Aphrodite/Venus. As I and others have shown, the idea of triplet deities is not limited to one sex. Also a Sky Goddess and most likely deity of the Sun. Son of Cerridwen. A minor sun Goddess in her own right before the time when the Cels relegated the majority of their sun images to male deities and their moon images to female ones. It is speculated that Boann could have been the mother of the Irish Goddess Brigit, but she was also written to have given birth to the Irish God Aengus, who was the son of Dagda. Was a Welsh Druid, later transformed in Arthurian sagas. Goddess of “debauchery” by her detractors, while some recent legends go so far as to make her the destroyer of her own realm through her excesses and her worship of “idols.” By her followers, she is hailed as a Goddess of earthly pleasure. It is thought she was a Goddess of mourning. Death Goddess to whom human sacrifices were offered. Mother of Bres the Formorian. Nuada (Irish), Nudd / Lludd (Welsh), Nodens (Gaulish) – God of healing, the sea and the sun. Symbolises control of the elements and the moon. She is known only from one inscription in the Tyne Valley.
Then there are Eriu, Banba and Fotla's sisters, the war goddesses Morrigan (sometimes called Anand or Anu), Badb, and Macha, who again represent the sovreignty of Ireland (actually, their relationship is quite complex, needing a second write-up). To be sure, there are triplets of goddesses in Celtic myth, particularly in Ireland; there are even triplets of gods, in fact. The catch 22 was that no man was allowed within her dwelling’s guarded walls (possibly a reference to one of the Otherworld realms known as The Land of Women).
Rules Over: Fire, fertility, the hearth, all feminine arts and crafts, martial arts, healing, physicians, agriculture, inspiration, learning, poetry, divination, prophecy, smithcraft, animal husbandry, love, witchcraft, occult knowledge.
Arawn (Welsh) – God of revenge, terror, and the Underworld (Annwn, Avalon). Minor harvest and Sun God with Greek roots who was imprisoned with his subordinate deities on a western island which could have been a Land of the Dead.
Son of Arianrhod. The Fianna said she would occasionally fly in from over the sea and fight on their side in battle. Funk & Wagnall, New York. Lugh is a hero and High King of the Irish Gods and Goddesses and represents strength, athleticism, heroism, and perseverance.
The triple goddess Cliodna or Cleena was known as ‘Cliodna of the Fair Hair’ was an Irish and Scottish deity of great beauty and the Otherworld.
Associated with the Otherworld and Isle of Man. Maeve / Medb (Irish) – Goddess of Connacht and Leinster. Consort of Beli. Associated with the festival of Lughnasadh. Daughter of Llyr. Creiddylad / Creudylad / Cordelia (Welsh) – Goddess of summer, flowers, love. Lugh is an Irish God who was born to a Fomorian and Tuatha de Danann and therefore had to prove himself to the court of the Tuatha de Danann to inevitably be considered one of them.
Associated with crows and ravens.
But the fallacy is that these triplets are in the form of "maiden, mother, crone", conceived by Robert Graves in his book The White Goddess and popularized with the neopagan movement. Cailleach is one of the Irish gods and goddesses who is considered a “crone”, or an old wise woman.
She tends the triple fires of smithcraft (physical fire), healing (the fire of life within), and poetry (the fire of the spirit). Cow Goddess which little is known about. She is pictured as sitting on a throne of reeds in the center of the lake’s depths. The Bretons claim she was a Breton addition to the Arthurian legends and that she never appeared in the original Welsh versions of the myths. She stole an alphabet of knowledge from the deities to give to humankind. Origin: Ireland.
The Celtic goddesses, all of whom were goddesses of sovereignty, were usually depicted in threes known as triads. Goddess and queen of the Isle of Shadow. There are some referrences in Irish literature to the belief that Lugh was the lone survivor of triplets; we see a similar situation with the Welsh equivalent Lleu (though here he is the survivor of twins). Map of ancient Celtic Europe. Rhiannon (Welsh) – Goddess of horses, birds, sovereignty and the Underworld. His brothers are the Irish gods Ogma and Lir. Some sources say Dagda was the son of Danu, while others say he was actually the father of Danu.
The Celts believed in a “veil between the worlds” of the living and the dead, so the “Veiled One” is an appropriate name for this Irish Goddess. He had famous weapons that included two spears called Yellow Shaft and Red Javelin; swords called the Retaliator, Great Fury and Little Furty. Celtic mythology eventually came to be subservient to the patriarchal consciousness and thence Christian ideology and interpretation. Goddess who trained warriors to fight. Bride (or Brigid) is a beloved goddess of the Celts known by many names, Bride being the Scots Gaelic variant. The third triplet is, oddly enough, someone once thought historical: Queen Guenevere, wife of Arthur. Daughter of Bel and Dôn.
‘Great Smith’. Keeper of the silver wheel of stars, a symbol of time and karma. Edinburgh. The Celtic pantheon can be roughly divided into the older Gaulish/Brythonic deities, mostly described by Greco-Roman sources, and the Welsh and Irish deities, found in Celtic mythology. Over the centuries it has become the symbol for the Holy Trinity among Christians in Ireland. ‘Divine Horse’, ‘Great Mare’. Son of a forgotten Sea God who may have been part of a lost creation myth. ‘Prince of Song’. The Triple Goddess Description: The Triple Goddess is known and worshiped in Pagan cultures all over the world.
(NOT a Reading). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account.
Rules Over: Winter, disease, plauge, cursing, wisdom, seasonal rites, weather magick. Goddess in her Destroyer aspect. Patron Deity of teamsters. Associated with the bull, oak trees.
When Spring comes back around, and specifically on February 1st, the Cailleach takes the young form of the Maiden (the youngest aspect of the Wiccan triple-goddess figure). Invented the Ogham alphabet. The Celts were polytheists, believing in multiple gods and goddesses. Which brings us to our first masculine example: Lugh Lamhfhada, the Samildánach--master of all arts. Brigid is a triple-goddess in some stories. And while yes, women usually do become mothers, there is a sense in this schema that one must become a mother, one must become a crone.
In 1667 Charles I had her face placed on the coinage where it remains today, reviving an old custom, first instated by the Romans who adopted her as their own. Rules Over: Water magick. Married to Blodeuwedd. Rules Over: Defenses, protection.
Owned 3 birds, the Cranes of Denial, Despair and Churlishness, who refused hospitality to travelers, a definite breach of the Celtic rules of social intercourse. New York (1964); Dublin (1964). This is not unusual--the Celts had an affinity for the number three, witnessed over and over again in their literature and their religion. Pagan Pages One aspect of the Triple Goddess. Rules Over: War.
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Mother of the Tuatha Dé Danann (“People of the Goddess Danu”).
In Scottish Gaelic, her name means “old woman”, and her role is important to Scottish, Irish and Manx mythology. Rules Over: Water, sea. The Trio are shown as robed figures bearing baskets of flowers, fruit, and grain, items which represent the bounty of three non-winter seasons. Merlin / Merddin / Myrddin (Welsh) – God of all forms of magic, prophecy, healing, illusion.
Much in evidence are numerous place names in Scotland associated the Cailleach. Change ).
Associated with The Morrígan. A triune of earth Goddesses given this singular Latin name on the continent.
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