Recognizing that their situation does not fall within any definition of invasion of privacy as yet propounded, appellants nevertheless attempt to bring themselves within Housh v.Peth, supra by arguing that defendants' activity constitutes an "appropriation of one's personality." In opinion writing this is not necessary, and it is seldom, if ever, done.
called as a witness while his firm is employed in the matter.  Lamb v. Schmitt, supra, 285 U.S. at pages 227-228, 52 S.Ct.
Civ. It is a rule of convenience. Sign up to receive the Free Law Project newsletter with tips and announcements. In that case the court stated: "* * * The mail box, however noxious its advertising contents often seem to judges as well as other people, is hardly the kind of enclave that requires constitutional defense to protect `the privacies of life.' The questions which the defendant refused to answer as they are set forth in the information, and the dates on which the refusals occurred are: As to each of the counts charging refusal to answer a specific question or all questions, the information alleges (a) that the defendant was subpoenaed to appear as a witness before a Court of Inquiry convened by the Commanding General, Aircraft, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, appointed by letter, serial 29612, dated November 25, 1952, in the United States Marine Corps Air Station, El Toro (Santa Ana), California; (b) that he was duly paid or tendered the fees at the rates allowed to witnesses attending the Courts of the United States; and (c) that he appeared, was sworn and asked a particular question, and, on being ordered by the Court to answer, (d) unlawfully refused to answer a particular question or all questions. This is a case peculiarly within the province of the legislative branch and it would be improper for the judicial branch to usurp the legislative function.
65; Keohane v. Keohane, 1919, 38 Cal. (Emphasis added.).
171 Mar. supra.
2d 69, Docket Number:
Precedential, Citations: § 556.  The logic of these does not appeal to us.  When the second suit is related in some manner to the first, the basis for the application of the rule does not exist. of the plaintiffs in this action and for counsel for both the plaintiff The fact that the questions propounded to him sought to trace their source to Sergeant Bennette might indicate that disciplinary action could have been sought against the sergeant, if the charges were unproved. So, when the President of the United States, in 1951, pursuant to the power vested in him by the Congress to prescribe, by regulations, "the procedure" in courts of inquiry, Article 36, 50 U.S.C.A.
Since the decision in Hagner v. United States,indictments and informations couched in the language of a statute have been uniformly upheld, and have been found sufficient if they apprised the defendant of the nature of the offense, even if one of the elements of the offense was not specifically alleged, but had to be inferred from a reading of the entire indictment or information.. the court on defendants' motions to dismiss the complaint of the plaintiff
51. If the only method of making this provision effective were resort to prosecution under section 622 of Title 50 U.S.C.A., the result would be ineffective and illusory.
In conjunction with the appeal to the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, the defendant attacked the regularity of the proceedings, and made certain charges of misconduct against certain officers of the Marine Corps stationed at El Toro.
Because this right of privacy which is being asserted differs from person to person and because the claims of plaintiff and intervenor are adverse to each other it cannot be said that appellants' claims are typical of the class as a whole.
and other members of the plaintiff's law firm. This is a case peculiarly within the province of the legislative branch and it would be improper for the judicial branch to usurp the legislative function. In interpreting military law, civil courts give great weight to established military interpretations. wrongful sale of plaintiff's names and addresses.".
 Unlike courts-martial, the proceedings of courts of inquiry do not involve *743 a trial of issues in which anyone is formally a party. 885, 270 N.Y.Supp.
2d 822, 831-832, 136 P.2d 297, 155 A.L.R.
Colonel Charles E. Endweiss. with the minimal interest in the delisting service, and, indeed, by the implications involved in this case are not meant as any disrespect personally not typical of the purported class because he is a prominent lawyer, a So the local Commanding General, in obedience to the communication of October 29, 1952, convened a court of inquiry to consist of certain high ranking officers of the Marine Corps other than himself. And the conclusion is that the information is valid, and that the motions to dismiss should be denied. Issues not raised before the court below cannot be raised for the first time on appeal. the court must find that as the law now is the plaintiff has failed to The short, though regular, journey from mail box to trash can * * * is an acceptable *Page 73
Contempt proceedings were commencedagainst the husband for failure to pay. vehicles with the defendant, suffered invasion of privacy as a result of
573; Booth v. Booth, 100 Cal. We do not agree. 174 SHIBLEY v. SHIBLEY. Respondentdoes not deny, by his pleading or otherwise, the allegationin the present action that he has made no paymentsince March 1, 1932.
attorney associated with the firm representing him in this action, cannot, Bill No. Of the nine counts, Count three charges refusal to appear on December 8, 1952, before a Court of Inquiry which ordered him to do so on December 4th, 5th and 6th.
The judgment in this case is reversed, and remandedwith directions to the superior court to enter a judgmentfor the appellant according to the views hereinexpressed. case falls. More, the trend at the present time, even when willfullness is an element, is to consider it a matter of proof. Indeed, to carry into effect the provisions of the Code, it is provided, as a ground for challenge, that a member has acted as an investigating officer. Accepting these facts as  The disqualification is automatic if the facts stated in the affidavit are legally sufficient. Atty., Los Angeles, Cal., for the plaintiff. the right of privacy is not a single tort but consists of four distinct Supplementing this, the Manual provides as ground for challenge of members of general and special courts-martial, that a member is disqualified under the Code and other grounds such as that he is an accuser, he will be a witness, or he has expressed an opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the accused. - In a separate maintenance actionbrought by Marion Bovard Shibley against KennethShibley in the superior court in and for the county ofSan Francisco, California, both parties appearingtherein, a decree was entered in August, 1929, which,among other things, ordered the defendant to pay theplaintiff five hundred dollars per month for the maintenanceof the plaintiff and the minor children of theplaintiff and the defendant.
Shields v. ValleyNational Bank of Arizona (1971), 56 F. R. D. 448. %%EOF 1935 Opinion Per MITCHELL, J. four hundred dollars, "beginning as of January 1,1930."
A rather unusual objection is raised to the composition of the Court of Inquiry. Having made them in *750 writing, the privilege was waived, and could not be invoked against the disclosure of additional details.. personal benefit from a successful prosecution of this suit and, indeed, minutes of a legislative committee hearing on April 1, 1965 relative to  California Code of Civil Procedure, § 170.
The court found that plaintiff's On the other hand, by some method of sublimation, he identifies himself with Bennette as a defendant before the court, and, wresting from the context certain statements, he would excuse his willful action by claiming that he either misunderstood the direction of the court, or that he was not directed to return on December 8th. Filed: defenses of the class, and (4) the representative parties will fairly and v. 87-88; where it is applied to all cases of refusal to appear and testify, including those of civilian witnesses under article 23 of the Articles of War, the predecessor of section 622, Title 50 U.S.C.A.
Instead appellants now contend that this action meets the requirements of Civ. Hoping to stop the rabbi from speaking at his daughter's graduation, Weisman sought a temporary restaining order in District Court - but was denied. .
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