Often there’s not one absolute answer. He re-covered the leaky roof.

AP changes guidance on the hyphen. “To correct one misperception: The updates we announced in March did not call for fewer hyphens or no hyphens in compound modifiers,” Froke said.

Associated Press style provides guidelines for news writing. No hyphen is needed when such terms are used as modifiers if the meaning is clear and unambiguous without the hyphen. AVOID AMBIGUITY: Use a hyphen whenever ambiguity would result if it were omitted. Examples include third grade teacher, chocolate chip cookie, special effects embellishment, climate change report, public land management, real estate transaction, emergency room visit, cat food bowl, parking lot entrance, national security briefing, computer software maker. “That decision stands.”, And the AP Stylebook kept wording it has used previously that says “‘use of the hyphen is far from standardized’ and, as in the past, note that it can be ‘a matter of taste, judgment and style sense.’ Then, as in the past, we proceed to give many examples of when hyphens are indeed necessary.”. Another big shift came in March when the AP announced the percent sign was OK when used with a numeral.

Think of hyphens as an aid to readers’ comprehension.

So to conform, we are returning the hyphen to the ‘-quarter’ phrases.”. or Su; Mon.

Welker moderated the debate with a firm hand, and yet a light touch.

© All Rights Reserved Poynter Institute 2020, Student journalists are facing increased mental health demands and job shortages — so let’s talk about it.

In the August uproar about hyphen changes, Kyle Koster offered some perspective on the changes for The Big Lead, which covers sports. “The fact that our users are so invested is invaluable to us,” Froke said.

“French-speaking people” does. Generally AP Style omits periods in acronyms, unless doing so would spell an … or Mon or M; Tues. or Tues or Tu; Wed. or Wed or W It all depends on context: mth (plural mths) is most popular. Unfortunately, there is no only proper way.

), Other two-word terms, particularly those used as nouns, have evolved to be commonly recognized as, in effect, one word. They are planning a riot.

In AP Style you should capitalize the names of months in all of their uses.

If the sheer number of hyphens in a phrase, or confusion about how to use them, can daunt either the writer or the reader, try rephrasing.

RELATED TRAINING: Sweat this, not that: Real rules vs. grammar myths.

And that’s a good thing because the presence or absence of them is one of the clearest indicators of the quality of writing and editing for a given piece.”. AVOID AMBIGUITY: Use a hyphen whenever ambiguity would result if it were omitted. emergency room visit, cat food bowl, parking lot entrance, national security briefing, computer software maker. Do use a hyphen if it’s needed to make the meaning clear and avoid unintended meanings: small-business owner, better-qualified candidate, little-known song, French-speaking people, free-thinking philosophy, loose-knit group, low-income workers, never-published guidance, self-driving car, bases-loaded triple, one-way street (Think of the different possible meanings or confusion if the hyphen is removed in each of those examples.). See COMPOUND MODIFIERS section for details.

It’s a guide about how to use hyphens wisely, These guidelines include changes in 2019, most notably removal of the requirement to hyphenate most compound modifiers after versions of the verb.

Fact-check: Is Kanye polling ahead of Biden and Trump in Kentucky?

It can be a matter of taste, judgment and style sense. Do use a hyphen if it’s needed to make the meaning clear and avoid unintended meanings: small-business owner, better-qualified candidate, little-known song, French-speaking people, free-thinking philosophy, loose-knit group, low-income workers, never-published guidance, self-driving car, bases-loaded triple, one-way street, (Think of the different possible meanings or confusion if the hyphen is removed in each of those examples.

For words that you cannot find in our AP Style list, use the first-listed abbreviation in Webster’s New World Dictionary. The AP Stylebook. In 2017, 3D and Walmart lost the hyphen. He re-covered the leaky roof. “This is all probably small potatoes to the reader.

Hyphen defenders (or is it hyphen-defenders?

Month Abbreviations AP Style.

(or Apr or Ap) May (or May or My) June (or Jun or Je) July (or Jul or Jl) Aug. (or Aug or Ag) Sept. (or Sep or S) Oct. (or Oct or O) Nov. (or Nov or N) Dec. (or Dec or D) CMS says much the same about days of the week. As of Wednesday, the AP changed some wording that was part of the hyphen entry’s introduction for years: “Specifically, we are deleting the long-standing guidance that … (or Apr or Ap) May (or May or My) June (or Jun or Je) July (or Jul or Jl) Aug. (or Aug or Ag) Sept. (or Sep or S) Oct. (or Oct or O) Nov. (or Nov or N) Dec. (or Dec or D) CMS says much the same about days of the week. Use where space restrictions exist as follows: Sun. The clear winner of Thursday night’s presidential debate?

Examples include, third grade teacher, chocolate chip cookie, special effects embellishment, climate change report, public land management, real estate transaction. In 2014, editors removed the beloved distinction between over and more than. Also: He recovered his health. m’th m-th mo. She previously worked as a staff writer…. How to localize a campus police violence story and one records request we all should be making.

Many newspapers, magazines and public relations offices across the United States use AP style.

What is the proper way to abbreviate the word “month”? But when AP tweeted the guidance in August,  as Merrill Perlman wrote for CJR, it sparked “linguistic pandemonium.”, We updated our hyphen guidance this year to say no hyphen is needed in a compound modifier if the modifier is commonly recognized as one phrase, and if the meaning is clear and unambiguous without the hyphen. Please note: Abbreviations used on this page denote common usage unrelated to documenting sources. Apr. Use them to avoid ambiguity or to form a single idea from two or more words. The park is for recreation. In a March Stylebook update, Froke said, the AP noted the difference between commonly recognized noun phrases and compound modifiers in phrases. or Th; Fri. or F; Sat.

or M; Tues. or Tu; Wed. or W; Thurs. Apr. or Sa

Again.

But hyphenating words when they need to be hyphenated is a habit that will be impossible for journalists of a certain age to stop doing.

In addition, see individual entries in this book and in Webster’s New World College Dictionary.

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