As a rule of thumb, it’s estimated that 50-100mg of xylitol per kilogram of body weight, can cause hypoglycemia (see explanation below). If this is not possible, then be sure to keep any products containing Xylitol in a high, locked cabinet where dogs and small children can not reach it.

Sometimes it is unavoidable; that’s why it’s important to anticipate problems and act quickly when they occur. These clinical signs include but are not limited to: Depending on how long ago your dog consumed, Xylitol induced vomiting can be performed by your, Gwaltney-Brant, By, Gwaltney-Brant, & Last full review/revision May 2013 | Content last modified May 2013. Wonder which dog or cat best fits your lifestyle? Children should be advised to never give candy or gum to pets. By the time you notice your bag is undone, it is usually too late, and the poisoning has already begun. Make sure when also giving OTC (over the counter) medications that they do not contain this ingredient and if they do to alert your veterinarian. Xylitol toxicity occurs when a dog eats enough of the product to cause damaging effects in the body. Let us know! Your dog should stay on IV dextrose and be monitored until it can maintain a regular blood sugar without any supplements. Bartonella is a type bacteria that can be transmitted to cats, dogs and humans from exposure to infected fleas and…. low blood sugar) that can have fatal consequences if left untreated. Although xylitol might sound a little like sorbitol, its effects on dogs are entirely different. We provide free pet advice as every pet deserves to be well looked after. Xylitol is a sugar substitute that is safe for people but can cause low blood sugar and liver damage in. Jaclyn is a Licensed Veterinary Technician (LVT) who has a bachelors degree in journalism. Delays in veterinary intervention can cause further complications, irreversible damage and increase the likelihood of xylitol poisoning becoming fatal. Keeping in mind how rapid the onset of toxicity is with Xylitol is a crucial element of a good prognosis. : Removing the poison from your pet’s body is always the best idea in cases such as these, but when that’s not an option, the pet poison control hotline will help direct the best path for your dog. All rights reserved. All rights reserved. Prevention is the best form of treatment when it comes to Xylitol poisoning. There is no specific antidote for xylitol toxicity. It may cause a slight aperient effect on humans, but that is the extent of its negative aspect.


If you keep sugar free gum in your purse, make sure to keep it off the floor, as well as warn others to do the same. Also, it’s essential to note that people with diabetes are often in need of foods with a low glycemic index that keeps their sugar under control but still allows their sweet tooth to be satiated.

They also have correlating websites that can be of some assistance in an emergency. Keep an eye on your pet and avoiding sharing table food with them will further protect them from Xylitol poisoning. Antibiotic Use in Livestock: How Do We Reduce Antibiotic Resistance From Livestock? The friendly and inquisitive LaPerm has an easy-care coat that comes in a variety of colors and patterns. It’s always essential to have all the information on hand, so that your veterinarian can best suit your dog’s needs. If that’s accurate, then xylitol is even more toxic to dogs than the stimulant theobromine, which is found in chocolate. What Are the Treatment and Outcome for Xylitol Toxicity? Liver damage can occur within a few hours or may be delayed for up to 3 days. For our furry dog friends, however, they are downright dangerous. Tasting as sweet as sugar, but being 2/3r less of the calories is quite appealing. Please enter an address, city and/or zip code. Combining her two interests of writing, and veterinary medicine is a true passion. Xylitol can be toxic to other animals so keep all products containing it, and all other human food, out of the reach of all pets in the household. We are not here to give out veterinary advice, you should always consult your veterinarian. Want to give your pup yummy, low-calorie treats? This amount of insulin results in severe hypoglycemia ( low blood sugar) that can have fatal consequences if left untreated. Xylitol in the dog triggers the pancreas to release a dangerous amount of insulin in a short period (10-60 minutes). Many cases of xylitol toxicity in dogs are accidental. Within 15 to 20 minutes, they might even be comatose, she adds, and depending on the amount consumed, a dog can also experience liver failure from ingesting xylitol. Blood sugar levels should be monitored closely during hospitalization. If you suspect that your dog has eaten a product containing xylitol, see your veterinarian immediately. Blue Cross is a registered charity in England and Wales (224392) and in Scotland (SC040154). Xylitol can also cause liver damage in dogs. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body’s cells take glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream and use it for cellular functioning. © Thank you. Dogs are notorious for scavenging food and will not hesitate to go through your bag. Melatonin for Dogs: Uses, Benefits and Side Effects, This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. It may be beneficial to a human diabetic or someone watching their weight, but it can be deadly for dogs. However, when your dog consumes it, it has detrimental results. Children should be advised to never give candy or gum to pets. Insulin is a hormone that helps the bodys cells take glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream and use it for cellular functioning.

Liver drugs such as hepatoprotectives, vitamin K, and antibiotics can be given to help avoid further (if any) liver damage. This effect is not seen in people who eat xylitol. Vetstreet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. In severe cases, liver cells can die in large numbers, and the pet may develo…

In both humans and dogs, the level of blood sugar is controlled by the release of insulin from the pancreas. When humans eat something containing Xylitol, it does not affect their insulin. Treatment may include intravenous fluid therapy (with a sterile sugar solution added to correct hypoglycemia), medications to help control vomiting, and additional medications and supplements to help support liver functioning. It may be beneficial to a human diabetic or someone watching their weight, but it can be deadly for dogs. Vetstreet. If everyone who benefits from our articles is able to give a little back, we can reach thousands more pets. Knowing which foods contain Xylitol is key when avoiding feeding them to your dog. In some cases, xylitol can be deadly to dogs. They will also give you a timeline and the suggested treatment to give your dog that your veterinarian can follow. However, it’s often already absorbed into your dog’s system, and inducing vomiting would be pointless. However, when your dog consumes it, it has detrimental results. Xylitol is Deadly to Dogs Xylitol is a naturally occurring sugar replacement with many health benefits, including the prevention of issues such as cavities and ear infections. We treated around 35,000 sick injured and homeless pets last year. In order to understand Xylitol toxicity, we first need to know how insulin works in the body.

Due to how fast your dog’s bloodstream absorbs the Xylitol, tests often follow treatment. Signs of xylitol toxicity can occur within 10 to 15 minutes of a pet eating xylitol but may be delayed for several hours.

While on walks, make sure your dog doesn’t stick its nose where it doesn’t belong. Keep it on a tight leash and be aware if they decide to eat anything. Jaclyn has already created her own blog called The Four Legged Nurse (@thefourleggednurse) and looks forward to contributing to I Love Veterinary! If your dog’s treatment is fastidious and aggressive prior to the onset of clinical signs the prognosis is usually good. 2001-2020  Unlike the hazardous and deadly consequences, it has for dogs. If you get to the vets early enough then your vet may be able to induce vomiting to get the product out of your dog’s system, greatly reducing the chances of any serious damage. Products can have widely varying levels of xylitol in them, but only small amounts of the substance can cause serious harm. That tragedy echoed an example which first reached us in May 2007 and reminds us that Xylitol has been known to be potentially toxic to dogs for a number of years now: While Xylitol is safe for humans, it can be harmful to dogs. Our new tool will narrow down more than 300 breeds for you. Of course, dogs should not be fed table food and adhere to a dog food-only diet. In a health-crazed world, sugar-free food items are all the rave. It's innocuous for people, but actually severely poisonous to canines. Ensure that, wherever possible, you take the packaging of the product that your dog has consumed to the vets. See Additional Information ›.

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